Professor (urban forestry)
Program Director, Master of Urban Forestry Leadership
Project leader of the UFORIA (Urban Forestry Research In Action) lab at UBC

For the past 25 years I have studied, taught and advised on the role of trees and green space in our cities and towns. My particular interests include green space governance (including community involvement), people-nature relationships and cultural ecosystem services, and urban forestry and urban greening. My work has brought me across the globe and I have always worked in close dialogue with decision-makers and practitioners, and I am eager to develop new research that has high practical relevance. Before coming to UBC, I worked at Wageningen University (Netherlands), the European Forest Institute (Finland), the University of Copenhagen (Denmark), the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (Sweden), and the University of Hong Kong (Hong Kong, China).

My research and teaching at UBC focus on some of the aspects above. I will e.g, teach the UFOR 100 introduction course, the UFOR 402 course on urban forest governance, legislation and administration, and other courses in UBC’s urban forestry program. From July 2017 until December 2018, I served as Program Director for the Bachelor of Urban Forestry. I am currently heading the development of a new Master of Urban Forestry Leadership.

Research Areas

Urban forestry
Urban green space governance
Green infrastructure planning
Cultural ecosystem services
Place making and keeping
People and nature relations in urban societies


Routledge Handbook on Urban Forestry Completed
January, 2016April, 2017

Together with Francesco Ferrini and Alessio Fini (both University of Florence) I edited a new Handbook on Urban Forestry, with 35 chapters by over 50 authors on all aspects of urban forestry.

GREEN SURGE – Green Infrastructure and Urban Biodiversity for Sustainable Urban Development and the Green Economy Completed
November, 2013October, 2017

I was the PI and Project Coordinator of this European-Union funded research project until my move to UBC. During the final stages of this project (which ends in November 2017) I am still contributing to some of the outputs and publications. Moreover I am a member of the project’s scientific advisory group.

An integrated approach to urban forestry for ecosystem-based adaptation Current
December, 2016September, 2020

This project led by postdoctoral fellow Tahia Devisscher adopts an innovative integrated approach to study social-ecological interactions that can enhance the management of urban forests for climate adaptation. Vancouver is one of the case studies.

The role of women in arboriculture and urban forestry Current
December, 2016December, 2019

Project led by postdoctoral fellow Adrina Bardekjian. This research looks into the current role of women in the fields and professions of arboriculture and urban forestry, with focus on North America.

UBC campus tree inventory Current
May, 2017December, 2020

This joint effort with UBC Campus & Community Planning and the SEEDS programme aims to carry out a full, step-wise inventory and assessment of the urban forest at UBC’s Vancouver campus. As a first step, trees in the Stadium Neighbourhood were inventoried.

Do Rainbows Come in Green? Urban Forests and Multicultural Citizenship Completed
June, 2017December, 2017

This International Research Roundtable, funded and hosted by the Peter Wall Institute of Advanced Studies, will bring together experts and stakeholders from across the globe to discuss diversity challenges and opportunities in urban forestry. The event will was held in October 2017. An associated SSHRC Connection Grant provided further support to the event, and the development of a network and future research.

Carbon accounting – including Canada’s urban forests Completed
October, 2017March, 2018

Project funded by Environment Canada and led by Tree Canada. The aim is to improve carbon accounting of urban forests and urban forestry, as part of Canada’s overall carbon accounting for forests. Moreover, proposals will be developed for future policy and urban forest assessment.

Urban Forest Governance in Canadian Cities – Managing for Success and Handling Calamities Current
June, 2018December, 2019

SSHRC-funded project on urban forest governance in selected Canadian cities.

Professional Affiliations

Springer Future City book series, Series Editor, July 2016
Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Editor-in-chief, June 2002
IUFRO Research Group 6.07 (urban forestry), Deputy coordinator (and previously coordinator), September 2000
Canadian Institute of Forestry, Member, October 2016
International Society of Arboriculture, Member of the Board of Directors, August 2017
Urban Forestry Advisory Panel, Greening, Landscape and Tree Management Section, Goverment of Hong Kong, International member, January 2017
The Royal Swedish Academy of Agriculture and Forestry, International Fellow, December 2014

Current Graduate Students

Jehane Samaha, MSc
The current and potential impacts of public gardens on the biodiversity of urban forests
Zach Wirtz, MSc
Urban forest governance – models for innovation and dealing with urban forest calamities
Hyeone Park, PhD
Urban food forestry for urban resilience (co-supervised with Jeanine Rhemtulla)
Qunyue Liu, PhD
Urban forests and human health on campus (visiting Chinese PhD scholar, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University)
Leila Todd, PhD
Municipal urban forestry (to be detailed)
Shuping Huang, PhD
Urban forests as cultural landscapes (visiting Chinese PhD scholar, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University)
Sophie Nitoslawski, PhD
Assessing trade-offs between urban densification and urban forest creation
Alice Miao, MSc
Seeking ‘Urban Forests’ in BC Coastal Municipal Policy: A Forest Inventory Perspective
Cindy Cheng, PhD
Urban forest governance and ecosystem services: international comparison
Dan Ye, MSc
Urban forest use and social cohesion (visiting student)
Ziru Chen, PhD
Environmental quality assessment and analysis methods of urban greening space (visiting student)
Yui Omori, MSc
Urban forestry, services, and design (visiting student)
Maria Jose Aguilar Carrasco , PhD
Accessibility of national parks to people with lower mobility (visiting student)

Post Doctoral Fellows and Research Assistants

Tahia Devisscher (Post doc) – An integrated approach to urban forestry for ecosystem-based adaptation
Adrina Bardekjian (Post doc) – The role of women in arboriculture
Weicong Fu (Post doc) – Assessing environmental and cultural values of urban forests
Lorien Nesbitt (Post doc) – Carbon accounting for Canada’s urban forests / Urban forest governance
Rafael Fernandez Alvarez (Post doc) – Urban forest governance in Mexico City and Vancouver

Previous Students, Post Doctoral Fellows and Research Assistants

Past members of the UFORIA lab included:

Nuria Monica Navarro, Master student, Assessment of the urban forest of Mexico City, its benefits and public preferences (completed in autumn 2017)

Ya (Alice) Nao, Visiting PhD student, Analysis of the governance and impacts of the Beijing afforestation program

Elliot Bellis, student research assistant (co-op)
Thomas Ikeda, student research assistant
Alice Miao, student research assistant
Alexis Naveau, student research assistant (visiting overseas student)
Reg Eddy, work-learn student


During my past employments in Denmark and Sweden I’ve had the pleasure to (co-)supervise the following PhD students in their research on aspects of urban forestry and urban greening: Nor Akmar Abdul Aziz, Adrina Bardekjian, Johnson Chan, Hanna Fors, Natalie Gulsrud, April Jackson, Zanariah Jasmani, Christian P. Kjoeller, Silvija Krajter Ostoic, Anna Levinsson, Li Liu, Victoria Lygum, Helena Mellqvist, Sreetheran Maruthaveeran, Maja Steen Moeller, Julie F. Molin, Christine Nuppenau, Martyna Surma and Na Xiu. In addition, I have (co-)supervised over 20 Master students in completing their thesis.

Current Courses

UFOR 100 – Greening the City (winter term), with Lorien Nesbitt

UFOR 400 – Urban forestry field camp (summer, with Cathy Koot and Sara Barron)

UFOR 402 – Urban forestry administration, policy and law (spring term)


Winter 2018

UFOR100 Greening the City Sections

Roles played by urban forestry and greenspace systems in a rapidly changing world; topics include urban ecology, urban forest conservation, urban forest management, climate change, society and human well-being, design and planning, urban/rural interface issues, and urban forest policy.

Other Courses and Workshops

Annual Urban Forestry Design Challenge (with the University of Wisconsin – Stevens Point) – first edition in August 2018.

Selected Publications

Cecil C. Konijnendijk (2018). The Forest and the City: the cultural landscape of urban woodland (2nd, updated edition) Springer, Berlin
Roman, L., Pearsall, H., …, Konijnendijk, C.C., et al. (2018). How our urban forests came to be: exploring social and ecological legacies Urban Forestry & Urban Greening Vol. 31, 157-168
Konijnendijk, C.C., Rodbell, R., Salbitano, F., Sayers, K., Jiménez Villarpando, S., Yokohari, M. (2018). The changing governance of urban forests Unasylva FAO
Konijnendijk, C., Stephen, B., Nesbitt, L. (2018). Vancouver: envisaging the world’s greenest city. In: Forests and Sustainable Cities: inspiring cities from around the world. FAO, Rome.
Abdul Aziz, N.A., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C., Nilsson, K. (2018). Recreational use of green space in Malaysian cities International Journal of Business and Society 19(S1): 1-16
Liu, Q., Fu, W., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C.C., Xiao, Y., Zhu, Z., You, D., Zhu, N., Huang, Q., Lan, S. (2018). Do local landscape elements enhance individuals’ place attachment to new environments? A cross-regional comparative study in China Sustainability
Liu, Q. Zhang, Y., Lin, Y., Zhang, W., Huang, Q., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C., Lan, C. (2018). The relationship between self-rated naturalness of university green space and students’ restoration and health Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 34: 259-268
Jim, C.Y., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C., Chen, W. (2018). Acute challenges and solutions to urban forestry in compact and densifying cities Journal of Urban Planning and Development 144(3)
Xiu, N., Ignatieva, M., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C. (2018). Historical Perspectives on Green Structure Development: the examples of Stockholm, Sweden and Xi’an, China Landscape Research
Konijnendijk, C. (2018). Advancing the public health agenda of urban forestry Arborist News 27(4): 34-36
Lafortezza, R, Konijnendijk, C.C. (2018). Green Infrastructure – Approach and Link to Public Health Benefits In: Bird, W. & van den Bosch, M. (Eds.), Nature and Public Health: The Role of Nature in Improving the Health of a Population. Series 2015. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Beatley, T., Konijnendijk, C.C. (2018). Urban landscapes for public health In: Bird, W. & van den Bosch, M. (Eds.), Nature and Public Health: The Role of Nature in Improving the Health of a Population. Series 2015. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Møller, M.S., Olafsson, A.S., Vierikko, K., Sehested, K., Elands, B., Buijs, A., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C. (2018). Participation through place-based e-tools: a valuable resource for urban green infrastructure governance? Urban Forestry & Urban Greening
Fors, H., Nielsen, A.B., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C., Jansson, M. (2018). From borders to ecotones – private-public co-management of urban woodland edges bordering private housing Urban Forestry & Urban Greening Vol. 30, 46-55
Lafortezza, R., Chen, J., Randrup, T.B., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C.C. (eds.) (2017). Special issue on nature-based solutions Environmental Research
Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C. (2017). Managing an urban forest of opinion – new governance models for green infrastructure In: Cherubini, L., Mattioni, M., Caccavale, C. (Eds.), Green Infrastucture: Nature based solutions for sustainable and resilient cities, Book of Abstracts, Orvieto, 4-7 April 2017, pp. 200.
Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C. (2017). Urban Lifestyles: Forest Needs and Fears CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Forestry in the Midst of Global Changes (edited by Christine Farcy)
Konijnendijk, C. (2017). Cities and Nature: Urban forestry for greater biocultural diversity Chapter 2. In: Campbell, M. (Ed.) Biological Conservation in the Twenty-first Century: A Conservation Biology of Large Wildlife. Nova Science Publishers, Hauppauge, NY.
Pauleit, S, Zoelch, T., Hansen, R., Randrup, T.B., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C. (2017). Nature-based Solutions and Climate Change – Four Shades of Green Springer Nature-based Solutions to Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Areas (editors: Nadia Kabisch et al.)
Lafortezza, R., Chen, J., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C.C., Randrup, T.B. (2017). Nature-Based Solutions for Resilient Landscapes and Cities Environmental Research
Ferrini, F., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C., Fini, A. (2017). Handbook of Urban Forestry Routledge – Taylor & Francis
Sheppard, S., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C., Croy, O., Palomo, A.M., Barron, S. (2017). Urban forest governance and community engagement Chapter 15. In: Ferrini, F., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C., Fini, A. (eds.), Handbook of Urban Forestry / Routledge
Miller, R.W., Hauer, R., Werner, L., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C. (2017). The history of trees in the city Chapter 2. In: Ferrini, F., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C., Fini, A. (eds.), Handbook of Urban Forestry / Routledge
Krasny, M., Russ, A., Svendsen, E., Enqvist, J., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C., (2017). Environmental Governance Cornell University Press In: Russ, A. & Krasny, M. (Eds.), Urban Environmental Education Review, pp. 103-111
Xiu, N., Ignatieva, M., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C., Chai, Y., Wang, F., Cui, T., Yang, F. (2017). A socio-ecological perspective of urban green networks: the Stockholm case Urban Ecosystems 20: 729-742
Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C.C. (2017). Spirituality and Landscape Planning Routledge Chapter in: Zsolnai, L. (Ed.), International Handbook on Spirituality and Society
Krajter Ostoić, S., Vuletić, D., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C., Stevanov, M., Živojinović, I., Mutabdžija-Bećirović, S., Lazarević, J., Stojanova, B., Blagojević, D., Stojanovska, M., Nevenić, R., Pezdevšek Malovrh, Š. (2017). Citizen satisfaction with urban forests and green space: Results from selected South-european cities Urban Forestry & Urban Greening Vol. 22, 93-103
Vierikko, K., Niemelä, J., Elands, B., Buijs, A., Haase, D., Kabisch, N., Kowarik, I., Fischer, L., Luz, A., Olafsson, A.S., Andersson, E., Száraz, L., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C. (2016). Considering the ways biodiversity helps enforce urban green infrastructure in times of urban transformation Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 22: 7-12
Lerstrup, I., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C.C. (2016). Forest sites in a Danish forest preschool: Affordances and preferences Landscape Research, Vol. 42, 47-62
Mellqvist, H., Kristensen, L., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C. (2016). Participatory green structure planning for linking urban and rural landscapes – Examples from a Swedish municipality Nordic Journal of Architectural Research 2016(3): 71-96
Jasmani, Z., Ravn, H.P., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C.C. (2016). The influence of small urban parks characteristics on bird diversity: A case study of Petaling Jaya, Malaysia Urban Ecosystems 20(1), 227-243
Xiu, N., Ignatieva, M., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C. (2016). The challenges of planning and designing urban green networks in Scandinavian and Chinese cities Routledge Journal of Architecture and Urbanism 40(3): 163-176
Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C. (2016). Landscape Laboratories for the World! ‘Scape!
Konijnendijk, C. (2016). Urban forestry and arboricultural research in Europe: what’s new? International Society of Arboriculture Arborist News 25(6): 50-51
Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C. (2016). Tree agency and urban forest governance Smart and Sustainable Built Environment 5(2)
Morgenroth, J., Östberg, J., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C., Nielsen, A.B., Hauer, R.J., Sjöman, H., Chen, W.Y., Jansson, M. (2016). Urban Tree Diversity – Taking stock and looking ahead Elsevier Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 15: 1-5
Bastrup-Birk, A.M., Reker, J., Nihat, Z., …, Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C., …, Zizensis, M. (47 authors) (2016). European forest ecosystems: state and trends European Environment Agency, Copenhagen
Morgenroth, J., Nielsen, A.B., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C., Ӧstberg, J., Harðarson, S.B. (2016). Urban Tree Diversity for Sustainable Cities. Policy brief. CARe-FOR-US II, Copenhagen
Haaland, C., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C. (2015). Challenges and strategies for urban green space planning in cities undergoing densification: a review. Elsevier Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 14(4): 760-771
Plambech, T., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C. (2015). The impact of nature on creativity – A study among Danish creative professionals. Elsevier Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 14(2): 255-263.
Krajter Ostoic, S., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C.C. (2015). Exploring global scientific discourses on urban forestry Elsevier Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 14(1): 129-138
Levinsson, A., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C.C., Öxell, C., Fransson, A.-M. (2015). Visual assessments of establishment success in urban Prunus avium (L.) and Quercus rubra (L.) in relation to water status and crown morphological characteristics. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 14(2): 218-224
Fors, H., Fröik, J.M., Murphy, M., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C.C. (2015). User participation in urban green spaces – for the people or the parks? Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 14(3): 722-734
Chan, C.-S., Marafa, L.M., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C.C. (2015). Changing perspectives in urban park management: a longitudinal study of Hong Kong. Managing Leisure 20(1): 56-76
Molin, J.F., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C.C. (2014). Between Big Ideas and Daily Realities – The role and perspectives of Danish municipal green space managers on public involvement in green space maintenance Elsevier Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 13(2): 553-561
Smith, H., Pereira, M., Hull, A., Konijnendijk, C. (2014). The governance of open space: decision-making around place-keeping Routledge In: Dempsey, N., Smith, H., Burton, M. (Eds.), Place-Keeping: Open Space Management in Practice.
Konijnendijk, C.C. (2014). From Government to Governance: Contribution to the political ecology of urban forestry Routledge, Oxford/New York In: Sandberg, L.A., Bardekjian, A., Butt, S. (Eds.), Urban Forests, Trees and Greenspace: A Political Ecology Perspective, pp. 35-48.
Nielsen, A.B., Annerstedt, M., Maruthaveeran, S., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C.C. (2014). Species richness in urban parks and its drivers: A review of empirical evidence Springer Urban Ecosystems 17(2): 305-327
Lawrence, A., De Vreese, R., Johnston, M., Sanesi, G., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C.C. (2013). Urban Forest Governance: towards a framework for comparing approaches Elsevier Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 12(4): 464-473
Nielsen, A.B., Konijnendijk, C.C., Wiström, B., Jensen, R.B. (2013). Municipal woodland in Denmark: resources, governance and management Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 28(1): 49-63
Keller, J.K.K., Konijnendijk, C.C. (2012). A comparative analysis of municipal urban tree inventories of selected major cities in North America and Europe International Society of Arboriculture Arboriculture and Urban Forestry 38(1): 24-30
Konijnendijk, C.C. (2010). The role of forestry in the development and reform of green belts Taylor & Francis Planning Practice and Research 25(2): 239-252
Konijnendijk, C.C. (2008). The Forest and the City – the cultural landscape of urban woodland Springer
Mertz, O., Ravnborg, H.M., Lövei, G., Nielsen, I., Konijnendijk, C.C. (2007). Ecosystem services and biodiversity in developing countries. Introduction to a special issue. Biology and Conservation 16(10): 2729-2737
Janse, G., Konijnendijk, C.C. (2007). Communication between science, policy and citizens in public participation in urban forestry – Experiences from the NeighbourWoods project Elsevier Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 6(1): 23-40
Tyrväinen, L., Gustavsson, R., Konijnendijk, C.C., Ode, Å. (2006). Visualization and landscape laboratories in planning, design and management of urban woodlands Elsevier Forest Policy and Economics 8(8): 811-823
Caspersen, O., Konijnendijk, C.C., Olafsson, A.S. (2006). Green planning and land-use – the recreational landscape of Greater Copenhagen. Geografisk Tidskrift 106(2): 7-20
Konijnendijk, C.C., Randrup, T.B., Nilsson, K., Schipperijn, J. (2005). Urban forests and trees – a reference book Springer
Konijnendijk, C.C. (2004). New perspectives for urban forests: Introducing wild woodlands Springer In: Kowarik, I. and Körner, S. (Eds.) Wild Urban Woodlands, pp. 33-45.
Konijnendijk, C.C. (2003). A decade of urban forestry in Europe Elsevier Forest Policy and Economics 5(3): 173-186