Forest Sciences Centre 4613
2424 Main Mall
Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4
phone: 6048226092

My research and teaching interests focus broadly on forests and society, and more specifically on rural livelihoods and the role of forests in sustaining these. Much of my research is situated in tropical and sub-tropical countries (mainly in Sub Saharan Africa), or with First Nations in Canada’s west and northwest. My work focuses on the dynamic driving forces and leverage points  that occur at the forest-livelihood interface. My research is applied, aims to be policy relevant, and often addresses one or more of the following: poverty, sustainable livelihoods, human health, forest-related conflicts, and rights and tenure. I maintain a consistent focus on cross-cutting themes such as gender and climate change. I am the Managing Director and a co-founder of AFRICAD – the Africa Forests Research Initiative on Conservation and Development. Most of my research is profiled at

My teaching interests likewise revolve around people and forest interactions, and pedagogically I embrace learner-centered instruction and aim to make my courses as engaging, exciting and diverse as possible. I teach FRST 519 – Forests and Society in the Master of International Forestry program.

Research Areas

forests and human health
protected areas
effectiveness evaluations


The influences of improved firewood cookstoves on tree species preference in Malawi: implications for sustainable forest management
The health and socio-economic impacts of the Chitetzo mbaula stove in Malawi
The socio-economic impacts of fast-growing firewood trees in Malawi
Repercussions of Jatropha curcas on rural land use alienation and conflict escalation in Ghana and Ethiopia
Local forest and climate change priorities in Teslin, Yukon

Unit Associations

UBC Community-Based Research – Communications & Resources Working Group – member

Professional Affiliations

International Union of Agroforestry (IUAF) – founding member – 2014
IUCN Commission on Environmental, Economic and Social Policy (CEESP) – commission member – 2010
IIED Poverty and Conservation Learning Group (PCLG) – member – 2010

Current Graduate Students

Gloria K Borona, PhD
Investigating People-Forest-Relationships around Central Kenya’s Aberdare Forest Reserve (co-supervised with Rob Kozak)
Aneeta Gauchan, PhD
Value Chain Governance of Ophiocordyceps sinensis (‘Himalayan Gold’) in Manang, Nepal
Robyn MacIvor, MSc
Sustainable Palm Oil in Ghana

Previous Students, Post Doctoral Fellows and Research Assistants

Graduate Students

Fernanda Tomaselli (2011) (co-supervised with Rob Kozak)

Directed Studies

Jenny Liu (2016) (co-supervised with Jeanine Rhemtulla)

Jonathan Abagre (2014-2015) (co-supervised with Rob Kozak)

Mikaela Hudson (2014-2015) (co-supervised with Rob Kozak)

Current Courses

FRST 519 – Forests and Society

Selected Publications

Joleen A Timko, Robert A Kozak (2016). The influence of an improved firewood cookstove, Chitetzo mbaula, on tree species preference in Malawi Energy for Sustainable Development 33: 53-60. doi:10.1016/j.esd.2016.04.002
Timko, J.A., Green D.S., Sharples, R., and A. Grinde. (2015). Using a community-driven approach to identify local forest and climate change priorities in Teslin, Yukon. Cogent Social Sciences 1(1).
Timko, J.A., Amsalu, A., Acheampong, E., and M. Kinfu. (2014). Local perceptions about the effects of Jatropha (Jatropha curcas) and Castor (Ricinus communis) plantations on households in Ghana and Ethiopia. Sustainability 6: 7224-7241.
Timko, J.A. and R.K. Kozak (2014). Using a gender perspective to explore forest dependence in HIV/AIDS-affected Malawian households Population & Environment 35(4): 441-454.
Timko, J.A. (2014). An Analytical Framework for Assessing the Impacts of Jatropha Curcas on Local Livelihoods. Pages 173-191 in Conflict and Cooperation over Natural Resources in the Global South: Conceptual Approaches (eds. Bavinck, M., L. Pellegrini, and E. Mostert). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press/Taylor and Francis Group.
Tomaselli, M.F., R. Hajjar, J. Timko, R. Kozak, A. Jarjusey and K. Camara. (2014). Small Forest-Based Enterprises in The Gambia: Opportunities and Challenges. Chapter 19 in Forests Under Pressure: Local Responses to Global Issues, (eds. Katila, P., Galloway, G., de Jong, W., Pacheco, P. and Mery, G.). IUFRO World Series Volume 32. ISBN 978-3-902762-30-6.
Timko, J.A. (2013). Exploring the Links between HIV/AIDS and Forests in Malawi: Morbidity, Mortality, and Changing Dependence on Forest Resources. Pages 147-171 in Ecological Health: Society, Ecology and Health. Advances in Medical Sociology*, Volume 15 (ed. Gislason, M). Emerald Group Publishing Limited: London, UK.
Timko, J.A. (2013). Exploring forest-related coping strategies and innovations for alleviating the HIV/AIDS burden on rural Malawian households. International Forestry Review 15(2): 230-240.
Tomaselli, M.F., J. Timko, and R. Kozak. (2013). Assessing small and medium forest enterprises’ access to microfinance: Case studies from The Gambia Journal of Development Studies 49 (3): 334-347.
Tomaselli, M.F., J. Timko, and R. Kozak. (2012). The role of government in the development of small and medium forest enterprises: case studies from The Gambia. Small-scale Forestry 11: 237–253.
Timko, J.A., R.A. Kozak, and J.L. Innes. (2010). HIV/AIDS and forests in Sub-Saharan Africa: exploring the links between morbidity, mortality, and dependence on biodiversity. Biodiversity 11(1&2): 45-48.
Timko, J.A., P.O. Waeber, and R.A. Kozak. (2010). The socio-economic contribution of non-timber forest products to rural livelihoods in Sub-Saharan Africa: knowledge gaps and new directions. International Forestry Review 12(3): 284-294.
Timko, J.A. and J.L. Innes. (2009). Evaluating Ecological Integrity in National Parks: Case Studies in Canada and South Africa. Biological Conservation 142: 676-688.
Timko, J. and T. Satterfield. (2008). Criteria and Indicators for Evaluating Socio-Cultural and Ecological Effectiveness in National Parks and Protected Areas. Natural Areas Journal 28(3): 307-319.
Timko, J.A. and T. Satterfield (2008). Seeking Social Equity in National Parks: Experiments with Evaluation in Canada and South Africa. Conservation & Society 6(3): 238-254.
Coops, N.C., Timko, J.A., Wulder, M.A., White, J.C (2008). Investigating the effectiveness of mountain pine beetle mitigation strategies. International Journal of Pest Management 54: 151-165